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Antibiotics for Crohn's Disease:

A variety of antibiotics have been used to treat Crohn's disease. The antibiotic most commonly used for Crohn's disease is metronidazole. This medication is effective against a group of intestinal bacteria known as anaerobes.

Metronidazole appears to be useful in treating abscesses and fistulas at or near the anus that form from Crohn's disease. Some patients with Crohn's colitis have seen some benefits. Metronidazole is sometimes used to treat small-bowel Crohn's disease, but it has not been fully proven to be beneficial. It may control acute Crohn's flare-up or help suppress chronic symptoms, but it does not prevent acute attacks. Recent studies have shown that it can delay and possibly decrease the recurrence of the disease after surgery.

Side effects of metronidazole include nausea, decreased appetite, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, and indigestion. Continuous therapy for weeks to months may damage nerves in the feet and legs and make balance difficult. Such an effect is reversible, but may take several months after stopping the drug usage. People who drink alcohol and take metronidazole may become quite ill; symptoms include extreme flushing of the face, shortness of breath, severe headache, rapid and pounding heartbeat, and nausea. Recovery is usually complete following a period of drowsiness or sleep.

See related articles:
Crohn's Disease General Information
Drug Therapy for Crohn's Disease
Drugs that Reduce Inflammation
Drugs that Treat Symptoms

Drug Therapy articles:
5-ASA (5-Aminosalicylate)
Antibiotics for Crohn's Disease
Bile-salt Binders
Bulk Formers
Immunosuppressive Drugs
Steroids for Crohn's Disease
Sulfasalasinze for Crohn's Disease

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