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Total Parenteral Nutrition TPN:

Total parenteral nutrition is a nutritionally complete diet that is given to a patient through a route other than the GI tract. High-energy diets are fed intravenously to the patient. This means that people with Crohn's disease could avoid food, improve, and still receive adequate nutrition.

However, some patients can be equally well treated with oral liquid diets. Some patients use a combined liquid diet and parenteral nutrition diet. Total parenteral nutrition is typically reserved for patients who are acutely ill. These patients can't or won't eat enough to maintain adequate nutrition.

The main advantage of TPN is the ability to prevent or reduce nutritional deterioration in seriously ill patients. However, TPN is a highly specialized and expensive to maintain. There is also the risk of blood infections and blood clots (both potentially life-threatening complications) caused by the IV line.

See related articles:
Crohn's Disease General Information
Crohn's disease diets

 

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